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ROPME Sea Area is shared by Bahrain, I.R. Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and UAE.  The collective responsibility of protecting this environment is coordinated by the Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment (ROPME) through the Kuwait Regional Convention  for Cooperation on the Protection of the Marine Environment from Pollution, 1978.  In the past three decades, the environment of ROPME Sea Area has experienced unusual pressures and impacts from human activities and Regional conflicts.  While on one hand the unprecedented boom of oil and gas industry has caused gradual and cumulative environmental stresses, the  conflicts have resulted in sudden and immense abuses during different times.

To understand the status and the trend of the marine environment of the Region, ROPME has consistently worked towards sustaining a dynamic monitoring and research programme through various initiatives and collaborations.  Similarly, sporadic monitoring and research activities in the Region have been carried out on various occasions, through other Regional and international platforms.  In addition to these, ROPME Member States also have carried out many related studies in the marine environment.  It is understood that a considerable wealth of information and knowledge is available on the ROPME Sea Area through these different monitoring and research activities that are to be brought together and assessed on the anvil of future requirements.  This approach is expected to strongly help in addressing the environmental challenges and emerging issues of the Region through collective efforts and wider environmental partnerships.

International Conference on Environmental Challenges in the ROPME Sea Area is being convened by ROPME as a platform for presenting and exchanging information obtained through these different monitoring and research activities in the ROPME Sea Area.  On an assessment of the progress achieved over several decades through the diverse programmes, the Conference is expected to reflect on emerging challenges and develop a future course of action on the domain.


   

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